Surgery was the best option for injuries of the muscles, joints, carriages, and bones. However, technology is advancing, and better methods of treatment are being invented. The latest and most effective form of treatment for injuries is stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy is the use of other cells to treat damaged cells. Biologically, many cells together make tissues, and tissues form body parts. That means that, in simple terms, we are made up of cells. These cells multiply by a process called cell division, whereby they multiply to form the tissues that make up our body parts. That is the concept used in stem cell technology.
Regenerative medicine is the technology that utilizes the dividing ability of specific types of cells to repair damaged body tissues. The process through comprehensive is applied simply, and it does involve surgery. Stem cell therapy procedure involves the use of undifferentiated cells to regenerate tissues. Stem Cell therapy procedure is divided into two types that include embryonic therapy and adult cell therapy. Adult cell therapy involves the use of cells that differentiate to form specific types of cells. On the other hand, embryonic cell therapy involves the use of cells that can regenerate into all kinds of cells. On the other hand, adult cell stem cells are found in the bone marrow, fat, and amniotic fluid and are used for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases with limited therapeutic options.
Stem cell therapy is the most effective form of treatment for body injuries because it helps regenerate and replace damaged cells. As a result, the patient regains their original state of health and can get to their normal activities. In comparison to surgery, stem cell therapy keeps the patient from the risks that come up due to surgery. After surgery, there are potential complications of clot formation, adjacent tissue damage and excessive bleeding, which are avoided by stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy is an advanced treatment that is no-surgical and heals tissues entirely without surgery.
The procedure of stem cell therapy
The embryonic cell therapy
Embryonic cell therapy includes using the amniotic membrane and fluid cells that can develop into nerves, cartilages, bones, muscles, and tendons. These cells promote healing through their ability to multiply into different types of reparative cells.
In this process, amniotic fluid is obtained and sent to a laboratory, where it is processed and cryopreserved. This involves cooling the fluid to a temperature that will help maintain the healing properties of these cells. After this process, the fluid is then sent to the respective clinics, where it is administered to patients for tissue regeneration. The process involves injecting the fluid into the affected area after having it cleaned. The patient does not have to be admitted for stem cell therapy procedure to be administered. However, the injection is given routinely under the guidance of ultrasound for accuracy. For proper healing, multiple injections are administered to the patient.
Autologous stem cell therapy
Autologous cell therapy involves the use of cells extracted from the patient’s body. By using this procedure, the patient is required to be in the hospital for the extraction of the needed cells. The patient is taken to the operating room, where stem cells are harvested from their bone marrow located in the pelvic bone under local anesthesia. A narrow injection is inserted in the iliac crest, where the required cells are acquired after centrifuging. The needed cells are separated from other components of the bone marrow and injected into the affected region. The whole process will take around 1-3 hours, depending on the extent of the injury on the patient.
Conditions treated by stem cell therapy
Stem cell therapy has a wide range of applications, all because of the ability of stem cells to regenerate and replace damaged tissues. That means that the patient will have healthy cells back during treatment just like they were before the injury. Orthopedic Conditions treated by stem cell regenerative technology include; arthritis, ligament tears, tendinitis, cartilage damage, and ligament tears.
Benefits of stem cell therapy
Stem cell therapy effectively treats specific injuries and conditions that could have otherwise reduced patients’ quality of life. Stem cell therapy has low chances of complications and infections; it promotes the natural healing of the damaged area without tissue damage. The body does not reject the cells because they are from the same person. Stem cell therapy procedure also treats severe injuries and whose repair couldn’t have been possible. An excellent example of this is degenerative disk disease.